PyQt4 和 Python3

PyQt4 fully supports all versions of Python v3. The default behaviour is different in some areas to the default behaviour with Python v2. These incompatible differences were introduced in order to make PyQt4 more Pythonic. However it is very easy to revert to the default Python v2 behaviour on a class by class basis if required. (See the section 选择不兼容 API .)

QAbstractSpinBox

The following PyQt4 calls have changed signatures to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QAbstractSpinBox.fixup(str input) -> str
QAbstractSpinBox.validate(str input, int pos) -> QValidator.State, str, int
								

QChar

QChar class is implemented as a mapped type that is automatically converted to and from a Python string.

QClipboard

The following PyQt4 call has a changed signature to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QClipboard.text(str subtype, QClipboard.Mode mode=QClipboard.Clipboard) -> str, str
								

QDate

QDate.__hash__() returns a hash of the string representation so that two objects with the same date will have the same hash.

The default behaviour with Python v2 is to return the object's id() so that two objects with the same date will have different hashes.

QDateTime

QDateTime.__hash__() method returns a hash of the string representation so that two objects with the same date and time will have the same hash.

The default behaviour with Python v2 is to return the object's id() so that two objects with the same date and time will have different hashes.

QDateTimeEdit

The following PyQt4 calls have changed signatures to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QDateTimeEdit.fixup(str input) -> str
QDateTimeEdit.validate(str input, int pos) -> QValidator.State, str, int
								

QDoubleSpinBox

The following PyQt4 calls have changed signatures to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QDoubleSpinBox.fixup(str input) -> str
QDoubleSpinBox.validate(str input, int pos) -> QValidator.State, str, int
								

QDoubleValidator

The following PyQt4 call has a changed signature to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QDoubleValidator.validate(str input, int pos) -> QValidator.State, str, int
								

QFileDialog

The following PyQt4 calls have changed signatures to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QFileDialog.getOpenFileName(QWidget parent=None, str caption=None, str dir=None, str filter=None, QFileDialog.Options options=0) -> str
QFileDialog.getOpenFileNames(QWidget parent=None, str caption=None, str dir=None, str filter=None, QFileDialog.Options options=0) -> list(str)
QFileDialog.getSaveFileName(QWidget parent=None, str caption=None, str dir=None, str filter=None, QFileDialog.Options options=0) -> str
								

The static methods QFileDialog.getOpenFileNameAndFilter() , QFileDialog.getOpenFileNamesAndFilter() and QFileDialog.getSaveFileNameAndFilter() have been added which return a tuple of the name(s) and the selected filter. These can also be used with Python v2.

QFontMetrics

The methods QFontMetrics.widthChar() and QFontMetrics.boundingRectChar() have been added which accept a Python string of length one and call the C++ QFontMetrics::width() and QFontMetrics::boundingRect() methods passing the character as a QChar (rather than a single character QString ).

QFontMetricsF

The methods QFontMetricsF.widthChar() and QFontMetricsF.boundingRectChar() have been added which accept a Python string of length one and call the C++ QFontMetricsF::width() and QFontMetricsF::boundingRect() methods passing the character as a QChar (rather than a single character QString ).

QIntValidator

The following PyQt4 call has a changed signature to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QIntValidator.validate(str input, int pos) -> QValidator.State, str, int
								

QLatin1Char

QLatin1Char class is not implemented.

QLatin1String

QLatin1String class is not implemented.

QPyNullVariant

QPyNullVariant class is used to represent a null QVariant . It is automatically converted to a C++ QVariant when required.

A null C++ QVariant is automatically converted to a QPyNullVariant unless the type of the data in the QVariant itself supports the concept of a null value (i.e. it has an isNull() method). In this case a null C++ QVariant is converted to a null instance of the data type. The exception to this rule is that a C++ QVariant containing a null QString is always converted to a QPyNullVariant .

QRegExpValidator

The following PyQt4 call has a changed signature to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QRegExpValidator.validate(str input, int pos) -> QValidator.State, str, int
								

QSettings

QSettings.value() method takes an optional type keyword argument that specifies the type of the value to return. It can either be a Python type object or a string specifying the name of a C++ type.

Using this argument avoids potential portability problems where the type of a value may not be as expected because the platform specific backend to QSettings may not store the necessary type information.

The argument can also be used with Python v2.

QSpinBox

The following PyQt4 calls have changed signatures to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QSpinBox.fixup(str input) -> str
QSpinBox.validate(str input, int pos) -> QValidator.State, str, int
								

QString

QString class is implemented as a mapped type that is automatically converted to and from a Python string. In addition a None is converted to a null QString . However, a null QString is converted to an empty Python string (and not None ). (This is because Qt often returns a null QString when it should probably return an empty QString .)

QStringList

QStringList class is implemented as a mapped type that is automatically converted to and from a Python list of strings.

QStringMatcher

QStringMatcher class is not implemented.

QStringRef

QStringRef class is implemented as a mapped type that is automatically converted to and from a Python string.

QTextDecoder

The following C++ call is not wrapped because it expects QString to be mutable:

void toUnicode(QString *target, const char *chars, int len)
								

QTextStream

The C++ functions bin() , hex() and oct() are named bin_() , hex_() and oct_() respectively in Python. This allows the import style from PyQt4.QtCore import * to be used without them clashing with the Python built-in functions with the same names.

The following C++ calls are not wrapped because they expect QString to be mutable:

QTextStream(QString *string, QIODevice::OpenMode openMode = QIODevice::ReadWrite)
void setString(QString *string, QIODevice::OpenMode openMode = QIODevice::ReadWrite)
QString *string()
QTextStream &operator>>(QChar &c)
QTextStream &operator>>(QString &s)
								

QTime

QTime.__hash__() returns a hash of the string representation so that two objects with the same time will have the same hash.

The default behaviour with Python v2 is to return the object's id() so that two objects with the same time will have different hashes.

QUrl

QUrl.__hash__() method returns a hash of the string representation so that two objects with the same URL will have the same hash.

The default behaviour with Python v2 is to return the object's id() so that two objects with the same URL will have different hashes.

QValidator

The following PyQt4 calls have changed signatures to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QValidator.fixup(str input) -> str
QValidator.validate(str input, int pos) -> QValidator.State, str, int
								

QVariant

QVariant class is implemented as a mapped type. Any Python object can be passed when a QVariant instance is expected. When Qt returns a QVariant then it will automatically be converted to the original Python object or an equivalent.

None is interpreted as an invalid QVariant and vice versa.

QPyNullVariant class is used to represent a null QVariant .

QWebPage

The following PyQt4 call has a changed signature to avoid the need for mutable strings:

QWebPage.javaScriptPrompt(QWebFrame originatingFrame, str msg, str defaultValue) -> bool, str
								

QXmlStreamWriter

The following C++ call is not wrapped because it expects QString to be mutable:

QXmlStreamWriter(QString *string)